Wireless Sensor Network Deployment for Monitoring Wildlife Passages

Wireless Sensor Network Deployment for Monitoring Wildlife Passages
Publishing date: 
August, 2010
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Dr Paweł Kułakowski obronił doktorat dotyczący systemów wieloantenowych MIMO na AGH w roku 2007. Po doktoracie ponad dwa lata pracował na uniwersytetach Technical University of Cartagena, University of Girona i University of Castilla La Mancha w Hiszpanii. Obecnie jest zatrudniony na stanowisku adiunkta w Katedrze Telekomunikacji AGH. Jego zainteresowania naukowe dotyczą nano-sieci komunikacyjnych, sieci 5G i IoT, sieci samo-organizujących się oraz algorytmów lokalizacji bezprzewodowej. W latach 2011-15 współprzewodniczył europejskiej grupie naukowej zajmującej się komunikacją bezprzewodową w środowisku indoor w projekcie COST Action IC1004 on Cooperative Radio Communications for Green Smart Environments. Obecnie jest w komitecie zarządzającym kolejnego projektu typu COST: IRACON Inclusive Radio Communication Networks for 5G and beyond. W roku 2008 otrzymał grant MNiSW "Wsparcie międzynarodowej mobilności naukowców". W roku 2010 był głównym organizatorem warsztatów naukowych dotyczących sieci sensorowych w Kanadzie. W roku 2014 uzyskał stypendium MNiSW dla młodych wybitnych naukowców. Jest laureatem dwóch nagród za najlepsze publikacje konferencyjne. Pełni również funkcję edytora wykonawczego w czasopiśmie Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies.

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Pawel Kulakowski (www.kt.agh.edu.pl/~brus) received his Ph.D. in telecommunications from the AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland, in 2007, and currently he is working there as an assistant professor. He spent about 2 and 1/2 years as a post-doc or a visiting professor at universities in Spain, specifically at Technical University of Cartagena, University of Girona, University of Castilla-La Mancha and University of Seville. He co-authored more than 40 scientific papers, in journals, conferences and as technical reports. During last 12 years, he was involved in european research projects, especially COST Actions: COST2100, IC1004 and CA15104 IRACON, focusing on topics of wireless sensor networks, indoor localization and wireless communications in general. His current research interests include molecular communications and nanonetworks. He was recognized with several scientific distinctions, including 3 awards for his conference papers and a governmental scholarship for young outstanding researchers. Since 2011, he is an executive editor in Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies.

Antonio-Javier Garcia-Sanchez, Felipe Garcia-Sanchez, Fernando Losilla, Pawel Kulakowski, Joan Garcia-Haro, Alejandro Rodríguez, J.V. López-Bao, Francisco Palomares
Publication type: 
Sensors Journal
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are being deployed in very diverse application scenarios, including rural and forest environments. In these particular contexts, specimen protection and conservation is a challenge, especially in natural reserves, dangerous locations or hot spots of these reserves (i.e., roads, railways, and other civil infrastructures). This paper proposes and studies a WSN based system for generic target (animal) tracking in the surrounding area of wildlife passages built to establish safe ways for animals to cross transportation infrastructures. In addition, it allows target identification through the use of video sensors connected to strategically deployed nodes. This deployment is designed on the basis of the IEEE 802.15.4 standard, but it increases the lifetime of the nodes through an appropriate scheduling. The system has been evaluated for the particular scenario of wildlife monitoring in passages across roads. For this purpose, different schemes have been simulated in order to find the most appropriate network operational parameters. Moreover, a novel prototype, provided with motion detector sensors, has also been developed and its design feasibility demonstrated. Original software modules providing new functionalities have been implemented and included in this prototype. Finally, main performance evaluation results of the whole system are presented and discussed in depth.
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